Best Holiday Packages India

Best Holiday Packages India

India can trace its civilization back to over 10,000 years. A beautiful confluence of culture, people and religion yet stands at an apex example of unity in diversity. Located in the South-East Asia, India is the seventh largest country in the world, with more than a billion people and with a total area measuring 330 million hectares. Adorned by the majestic Himalayan ranges in the North, and tapering off into the Indian Ocean Southwards, with the Bay of Bengal on the east and Arabian Sea on the west, India reflects the inherent natural diversity.The climate varies from temperate in the north to tropical monsoon in the south. India, with a population over a billion people is the largest democracy in the world. Indeed a colourful canvas, a unique assimilation of ethnic groups displaying varied culture and religion.

History

History of India is shrouded in antiquity.The multi-ethnic presence, reflects India as the seat of a major world civilization than a mere nation state. Indus Valley Civilization, one of the greatest and earliest civilization flourished along the Indus River valleys. In the later periods many rulers ruled over this vast land; Aryans came in around 1500 BC during which Vedic beliefs spread through large parts of India, and then in 4th century BC Emperor Ashoka brought entire India under his rule and later embraced Buddhism spread by Buddha some 200 years earlier. The emperor built famous Sanchi monuments. Ashoka pillar at Sarnath has become the India’s national emblem and Dharma Chakra on the pillar adorns India’s national flag. Later Guptas ruled the North India and Cholas, the Pandyas and the Cheras in South around 1100s during which Hinduism spread in India. They were followed by Christianity, Zoroastrians or Parsis, and Sikhism in 15th century founded by Guru Nanak. The spread of Islam began in Kerala through Arab travelers earlier than the advent of Mohammed of Ghori in 1192 from Afghanistan, 1398 attack from Turkey under Timur, or the Mughals who ruled large parts of India for much longer period. In 1600 among European colonial rulers British eventually controlled India until 1947.

General Information

The Republic of India has 28 states and seven union territories and it is among the fastest growing economy, though majority of its population still live under impoverished conditions. The religions prevalent in the country are Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity. Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, through his path of Non-violence gave India freedom from British colonial rule in 1947 after a long and sustained countrywide struggle, however, partition of India in the same year caused the creation of a Muslim majority nation called Pakistan. Since then four wars have been fought between Hindu majority India and Pakistan over their most contentious issue of Kashmir, which has now become an international security concern.

Festivals of India

The multicultural, multiethenic and multireligious identity of Indian nation are best showcased in its innumerable colourful festivals. Hindus celebrate Diwali (festival of lights), Dushera (a festival to celebrate victory of good over evil), Holi (festival of colors) as their main festivals and the Islamic festivals are Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Azha and Muharram, which is mourning for the Prophet Mohammed’s grandson by Shias. Guru Nanak Jayanti is the main festival among Sikhs to celebrate the birth of their supreme religious head Guru Nanak Dev, who founded Sikhism. Similarly, Good Friday among Christians, Mahavir Jayanti of Jain population and Budh Purnima of Buddhists are some of the principal festivals in India. The festival dates have been declared national holidays keeping in line with the idea of peaceful co-existence of all religions, although many believe that too many holidays are hampering the economic growth.

Tourist Destinies

According to World Travel and tourism Council, India will remain a tourism hots-pot from 2009 to 2018, having the highest ten year growth potential.Tourism tops in service sector of India’s industry contributing nearly 10 percent of employment from the total influx of more than five million foreign tourists and 562 domestic tourism visits. Despite short term and medium term setbacks, tourism revenues are expected to surge by 42% in the period from 2007 to 2017. India's rich history and its cultural and geographical diversity makes its international tourist appeal large as India becomes a country that offers something for everyone..

Tourist destinations in India

North India

Spellbinding beauty of Himalayas spread across Northern most parts of India from Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh in northwest to the far northeast with intermingling borders with Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan and Burma. The inhospitable terrains with varied climatic conditions from extreme and semi-arid conditions of Ladakh to forests of Srinagar and Jammu further down to the plains of Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. The National Capital New Delhi lies in North India between Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. North India provides you an experience of sheer contrast of destinies from snow skiing and greenery of Kashmir and Himachal and rugged terrains of Ladakh to one of ‘Seven Wonders of World’ the impeccable beauty of Taj Mahal in Agra close to Delhi. While Ladakh has a rich tradition of thriving monastic culture often called ‘Land of Lamas’ and for its mesmerizing landscape travelers called it ‘moon land’; Kashmir and Himachal has lush green mountains and beautiful lakes, and further down in the plains tourist do not miss the historic monuments in Delhi and Agra.

West India

West India is primarily famous for its places like Mumbai, Goa, caves of Ajanta Ellora, and wildlife sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Madhya Pradesh is often called the heart of India with its landscape plateaus, river valleys , hills and forests. Lying on the west coast of India, Goa is a Vacationer's Paradise, where Portuguese influence can be seen and felt in every corner. Coastal state of Gujarat boasts of the longest coast line and is home to number of ancient Temples, spectacular beaches and rich cultural heritage.

East India

Home to the holy River Ganges and Himalayan foothills, East India comprise the states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, and the easternmost part of the region. Also the heavily forested and the tribal states northeastern, popularly known as the seven sisters state, are the untouched, unexplored and isolated states of Assam , Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. These states are full of natural beauty, exotic places and wide variety of animals and birds.

South India

The four exotic states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala and the Union territory of Pondicherry are located in Southern part of India. It has numerous valleys, tropical rain-forests, sandy beaches, deserts and plateaus. These states are also known for their historical monuments and centers of institutional learning in both modern and traditional systems.The backwaters of Kerala, pristine beaches of Lakshwadeep, ancient temples of Tamil Nadu and the world heritage sites at Karnataka are the things that makes South India a perfect tourist hot-spot

Rajasthan

Lying on the western part of India, the majestic state of Rajasthan is embellished with grand forts, beautiful Palaces and havelis. Cities of Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Ajmer will take your breath away with the charm and royalty they posses.With Aravalli hills on the backdrop the heritage resounds in the fort, folklore, music swirling skirts dances of women and man holding swords in their colorful attire. In this land filled with stories about Kings and princes, taking a camel or an elephant or a horse ride is truly a royal experience.

Kerala

Kerala is world famous for Ayurveda and the backwaters holiday destinations like allepy, Kumarakom and Punnamada. Other popular attractions includes the beaches of Kovalam, Cherai and Varkala; National Parks and Sancturies at Periyar and Eravikulam; heritage sites like Padmanabhapuram palace, Hill Palace, Mattancherry Palace. National Geographic has declared Kerala as one of the Ten paradise Found for its rich and varied tourist experiences.

Recommended By Lonely Planet IATA